Recently, I was comparing notes on the Republican candidates with a friend of mine who is one of the country’s leading philosophers on deception. We were arguing about who is more dangerous for the American electorate: I argued for Ted Cruz, who Donald Trump had successfully branded as “Lyin’ Ted” in a March 3 debate. The nickname had caught on among Cruz’s enemies; the super PAC New Day for America recently ran an ad in which Cruz’s nose grows Pinocchio-long as a voiceover numerates his many offenses. My friend disagreed. “It’s like the distinction between the bullshitter and the liar,” he said. “Trump doesn’t care about the truth, which makes him more menacing than Cruz.”
"The Four Temperaments" is from the June 2016 issue of The New Republic.